Italian director and screenwriter; At first he wanted to devote himself to poetry (as did his father), but soon found himself as an assistant director on Pasolini's Accattone (1961), to record his debut The Grim Reaper (1962) the following year, based on Pier Paolo's screenplay. The second title, Before the Revolution (1964), which was filmed under the influence of the French new wave and genre of political film, drew the attention of international critics, and in the coming years the film was considered a herald of 1968. riots. Afterwards, Bertolucci continues to make acclaimed titles (Partner, The Spider's Stratagem, 1900, Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man, The Sheltering Sky, Besieged…), causing frequent controversy over the sexually provocative indulgence of the film (Last Tango in Paris) or its subject (Luna). His films are characterized by a combination of lavish, classicist composition of frames, which he shapes with an impressive visual style and political engagement on a thematic level. He was the recipient of all major film accolades, and in 2011, a Cannes jury awarded him the Honorary Palm for Lifetime Achievement.